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Title: Occurrence of electrostatic solitary waves in the lunar wake
Authors: Rubia, R.
Singh, S.V.
Lakhina, G.S.
Keywords: Electrostatic solitary waves
Lunar wake
Electron-acoustic solitons
Ion-acoustic solitons
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: JGR, 122, 9134–9147, doi: 10.1002/2017JA023972
Abstract: An alternative generation mechanism for the electrostatic waves observed in the lunar wake during the first flyby of the Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence and Electrodynamics of the Moon’s Interaction with the Sun (ARTEMIS) mission in terms of slow and fast ion-acoustic and electron-acoustic solitons is proposed. The lunar wake plasma is modeled by fluid multicomponent magnetized plasma comprising hot protons, hot heavier ions, 𝛼 particles (He++), electron beam, and suprathermal electrons following kappa distribution. The electric fields associated with the slow and fast ion-acoustic and electron-acoustic solitons are in the range of ∼(0.0003–17) mV m−1. This is in excellent agreement with observed electrostatic wave electric field of 5 to 15 mV m−1. The fast Fourier transform of soliton electric fields generates broadband spectra having peak frequencies (corresponding to peak in the power spectra) in the range of ∼(3–1800) Hz. This corresponds to wave frequencies being in the range of ∼(0.001–0.56)fpe, where fpe is the electron plasma frequency. This matches well with the observed frequency range of (0.01–0.4) fpe. Further, the widths and velocities of these solitons are in the range ∼(100–8000) m and ∼(30–1300) km s−1, respectively. Both, soliton widths and velocities, match well with the estimated wavelengths (a few hundred meters to a couple of thousand meters) and estimated phase velocities (of the order of 1000 km s−1) of the electrostatic waves in the lunar wake.
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